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What are the problems of packaging in the field of production and circulation in China

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What are the problems of packaging in the field of production and circulation in China

there is unreasonable packaging

unreasonable packaging realization form

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(1) insufficient packaging

insufficient packaging can cause losses in the process of circulation and reduce logistics efficiency. Insufficient packaging mainly includes four aspects:

① insufficient packaging strength leads to insufficient packaging protection and loss of packaged goods & nbsp

② the level of packaging materials is insufficient. Due to the improper selection of packaging materials, the materials can not play a good role in transportation protection and sales promotion & nbsp

③ the level and volume of the packaging container are insufficient, and the lack of necessary level and required volume cause losses

④ the packaging cost is too low to ensure effective packaging

(2) packaging surplus

packaging surplus mainly includes four aspects: ① excessive packaging strength design ② improper selection of packaging materials, The choice is too high ③ the packaging cost is too high ④ the packaging technology is too high

(3) packaging pollution

packaging pollution is mainly reflected in two aspects:

① the cartons, wooden cases and plastic containers widely used in packaging materials consume a lot of natural resources

② the disposable and luxury of commodity packaging, and even the use of non degradable packaging materials, which seriously pollutes the environment

extended data:

channels in the circulation field

commodity circulation channels refer to the organizational series of circulation institutions composed of commodity producers, distributors and consumers in the process of commodity circulation

commodity circulation dominance refers to controlling the commodity circulation channel and making the components of the channel serve their own marketing strategy

the traditional main channel refers to state-owned commodity circulation enterprises; The real main channel refers to the enterprise group that realizes more than 50% of the commodity circulation (for a certain type of commodity)

commodity circulation links refer to several transit stations generated by the transfer of commodity ownership and the movement of commodity entities in the process of commodity circulation

reference source: Baidu Encyclopedia – unreasonable packaging

the economic benefits of the industry are not optimistic

analyze the reasons: first, the industry has fierce low price competition

Second, the competing funds cannot be recovered

Third, the price of raw materials has increased, but the price of equipment has not increased. Relying only on technological progress can not offset the rise in material prices

in 2004, there were 20694 Food Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size in China, with a total industrial output value of 1616.3 billion yuan, the highest growth in recent years, and a sales revenue of 1450 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.94%. Profits and taxes totaled 275.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 22.36%, and the profit was 91.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 31.85%

influencing factors

(I) concept of commodity packaging technology

commodity packaging technology refers to the technical measures taken to resist internal and external factors affecting quality in order to prevent the quantitative loss and quality change of commodities in the field of circulation, also known as commodity packaging protection methods

(II) requirements for commodity packaging technology

the external factors affecting the change of commodity quality are divided into physical, chemical, biological and other factors. Commodity packaging protection technology is the specific preventive measures taken against the above internal and external factors affecting commodity quality

extended data

classification

1. Small package: it is a package that directly contacts goods, assembles and leaves the factory at the same time with goods, and forms an integral part of goods. There are many patterns or text marks on the small packages of commodities, which can protect commodities, facilitate sales and guide consumption

2. Medium packaging: it is the inner packaging of goods, commonly known as commodity sales packaging. Most of them are containers with certain shapes, etc. It has the function of preventing the goods from being damaged by external force extrusion and impact, or from being affected by the external environment, such as moisture, mildew, corrosion and other deterioration changes

3. Outer packaging: it is the outermost packaging of goods, also known as transportation packaging. Most of them are concentrated packaging of several commodities. There are obvious marks on the outer package of goods. Outer packaging plays a role in protecting the safety of goods in circulation

four elements

1. Packaging materials: packaging materials are the material basis of packaging and the material bearer of packaging function

2. Packaging technology: packaging technology is the key to realize the function of packaging protection and ensure the quality of inner goods

3. Packaging structure modeling: packaging structure modeling is the specific form of packaging materials and packaging technology

4. Surface decoration: surface decoration is the main means to beautify, publicize and introduce commodities through pictures and words

reference source: China industry information network – Analysis of the development status and development trend of China’s plastic packaging industry

reference source: Baidu Encyclopedia – commodity packaging

China’s food packaging machinery industry showed new opportunities

in 2004, under the environment of strengthening and improving macro-control, China’s machinery industry still maintained a rare growth rate in history, with a total industrial output value of 3271.1 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.41%; The product sales revenue was 3190.23 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.1%. The total industrial output value and product sales revenue exceeded 3 trillion yuan simultaneously, a record

in 2004, China’s food and packaging machinery industry made remarkable achievements with the joint efforts of the whole industry. The product sales revenue reached 55.8164 billion yuan, an increase of 21.34% over 46 billion yuan in 2003, the highest growth year in recent 10 years, while the number of employees increased by only 2.27%; The total labor productivity increased by 35.128%, reaching 73211 yuan /person, and the product sales rate was 98.23%, better than that of the previous year. However, the profit margin of product sales revenue was 6.52%, lower than 6.62% of the previous year, and the profit margin of cost was 6.91%, lower than 7.00% in 2003. The number of working capital turnover is 1.23, which is higher than 1.18 in the previous year, but it still ranks last in the machinery industry, which is also one of the reasons affecting the efficiency of enterprises

the above three indicators show that the economic benefits of the industry are not optimistic. The first reason is the fierce low price competition in the industry; Second, the competing funds cannot be recovered; Third, the price of raw materials has increased, but the price of equipment has not increased. Relying only on technological progress can not offset the rise in material prices. In 2004, China’s food industry enterprises above Designated Size reached 20694, with a total industrial output value of 1616.3 billion yuan, the highest growth in recent years, and a sales revenue of 1450 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of
27.94%. Profits and taxes totaled 275.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 22.36%, and the profit was 91.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 31.85%

the service objects of China’s food and packaging machinery are mainly food industry enterprises, and the sales to these enterprises account for more than 70% of the total sales. The state has given strong support to the food industry in terms of policies. From the strategic height of China’s economic development, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have closely combined the development of the food industry, vigorously carrying out the deep processing of agricultural and sideline products and solving the “three rural” problems. In 2004, a large number of processed agricultural products, especially slaughtering and meat processing products, aquatic products processing products, edible vegetable oil, staple convenience food, vegetables and fruits processing products The output of milk and dairy products has increased significantly. The rapid growth of the food industry has directly driven the growth of food and packaging machinery. In 2004, the investment in fixed assets of the food industry was 121.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.77%

among them, 74.46% of the funds raised and invested by enterprises themselves are driven by the fact that the overall level of food and packaging machinery is still low, and the food equipment manufacturing industry has a long way to go. In terms of import and export, the total import and export volume of food and packaging machinery (excluding household appliances) in 2004 was US $257876300, down 9.42% from US $2822 million in 2003, including US $2221.4015 million in import, down 10.74% from US $2460 million in 2003, and US $357.3738 million in export, up 1.12% from US $361 million in 2003. Among the imported equipment, food machinery was US $272758700, accounting for 12.27% of the total import volume, only 37.9% of the US $720 million in 2003

the import of packaging machinery was US $194863800, an increase of 11.99% over US $1.74 billion in 2003. Among the export equipment, food machinery was 78.7177 million US dollars, down 48.28% from 163 million US dollars in 2003; Packaging machinery was US $278456100, an increase of 39.92% over US $199 million in 2003. The overall situation is still very optimistic, but there are also many problems, especially in quality. According to the prediction of the industry’s eleventh five year plan, the total domestic market demand in 2005 will reach 85 billion yuan, and the total sales of domestic enterprises should be 62 billion yuan. On the basis of 55.8 billion yuan in 2004, it only needs to increase by 11%. The lowest growth rate in recent 10 years is 12.96%, so the total domestic sales is expected to be 62 billion yuan. From the perspective of 2004, the growth of import volume is small, so the market share of domestic equipment will rise in 2005. It is predicted that the total sales volume of the domestic industry will reach 130 billion yuan and the market demand will reach 200 billion yuan in 2010. Considering the continuous emergence of new processes and technologies in the world, according to the actual situation that the output value rate of new products in the industry was only 9.84% in 2004, China will import more than 70 billion yuan of food and packaging machinery by 2010

some enterprises complain that the market is not good and the demand is not booming, but a large part of our market is occupied by imported equipment. In the last half year, Spanish, Italian, British and other peer enterprises have come to inquire about the possibility of entering the Chinese market. It seems that they are more sensitive to the Chinese market than ourselves. In fact, they have a lot of equipment, which we are producing ourselves, but they think their equipment is of better quality and more reliable, and they are confident to share some shares. We have to look at the huge demand for new technology and services in the domestic market, otherwise we can only provide high-quality products and services to others

during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, agricultural and sideline products processing equipment will be the focus of industry development, because the State Council has determined that agriculture, rural areas Farmers (i.e. “agriculture, rural areas and farmers”) will be the focus of work for a long time in the future, and an important way to solve farmers’ wealth is the comprehensive utilization, processing and local value-added of agricultural and sideline products resources, which provides new markets and development opportunities for food and packaging machinery. The food and packaging equipment with booming market demand are:

(1) starch processing machinery, including corn processed by dry and wet methods of wheat, rice, beans and cereals The market demand for potato starch and its comprehensive utilization equipment will exceed 50 billion yuan during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period

(2) if the amount of fruit and vegetable processing and comprehensive utilization equipment is increased by 10%, that is, the annual processing will reach 55 million tons, about 250 production lines with an annual processing capacity of 200000 tons need to be added, and the market demand for equipment will reach 15 billion yuan

(3) for meat processing equipment, if the proportion of meat processing reaches 20%, that is, the net increase of work volume is 6 million tons, about 400 production lines need to be added, and the increased demand of the market reaches 8 billion yuan

(4) the beer industry has become stable, with an annual growth of about 5%, a net increase of about 7.5 million tons in five years, and its demand for beer production, filling and packaging equipment will exceed 40 billion yuan

(5) during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the growth of beverage consumption is relatively high, reaching 20% – 30% /year. During the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, it may be strong before and weak after, but the average growth rate will still exceed 10%, that is, during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, it will increase by more than 10 million tons, and its water treatment, filling and packaging equipment will need about 10 billion yuan

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